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Research Activities

General description of the Department's research activities

The Department of Languages and Literatures (DLL) is the result of a far-reaching reorganization of the Faculty of Arts from 18 to 6 departments that began on January 1, 2009. It is the largest of the new departments at the Faculty and includes research and teaching in all of its language subjects (except Scandinavian languages): African, Asian (Japanese, Arabic; at present there is no research in Chinese or Hebrew) and European (English, German, Classical, Romance and Slavic languages) including aspects of post-colonial or world literature). Most of these subjects are represented by literary/cultural as well as linguistic specializations. The Head of Department directs DLL together with two deputy heads—one responsible for research and doctoral studies, the other for undergraduate and advanced (M.A.) studies.

The purpose of reorganizing was mainly to professionalize administrative and management functions, as well as to reduce vulnerability. However, management have also been committed to developing other positive effects of the reorganization, among other things through the strategic support of research, reducing the vulnerability of small subject areas where research has been dependent on the initiative of a few scholars. The process of redirecting the orientation of research requires both sensitivity and time; it is important that decisions emerge out of discussions with colleagues concerning the choice of strategic priorities for research within the new Department.

It is a great paradox that the research profiles which are now required are to be constructed at the departmental level while recruitment of staff has taken place at the faculty level. The only control which the Faculty exercised is the maintenance of the distinction between linguistic and literary research. This has given rise to very broad areas of research. Within linguistics, research focuses on corpora-based linguistics, language typology, contrastive linguistics, language acquisition, phonetics, lexicography, sociolinguistics, pragmatics, etc. Within literary studies, the following topics are noteworthy: autobiography/autofiction, literary pedagogics, inter- and transcultural research, literary theory, reception, hermeneutics, close reading, and a breadth of literature reaching from the medieval period to the 21st century. In addition there is interdisciplinary research combining language and literature, such as translation research, rhetorical studies, as well as research on cultural/humanities issues applied in various languages.

Consequently it has been a great challenge for the new departmental management to create strong areas of research cooperation which can inspire each other, while at the same time the first priority has been to balance the budget. There are too few researchers within many subjects, and many important research areas which are not represented in the research of existing staff. The central problem is that many subject areas have very few staff while the number of postgraduate and postdoctoral positions has declined radically.

The problems caused by these inadequacies are generally solved through the development of broad international networks, which makes it possible to maintain contact with the most advanced developments within each research field covered by DLL, a precondition for conducting research of international quality. During the period that concerns this report, many subject areas arranged conferences, symposia and workshops with the participation of international experts. These are extraordinarily important occasions for the dissemination and exchange of new knowledge, necessary for every subject that seeks to maintain its expertise on an international level.

For the new departmental management it is naturally important to maintain and develop international cooperative projects of different kinds. At the same time, it is important to develop a strong research environment locally, especially for doctoral students and young post-doctoral staff. The department leadership has from the outset focused on promoting interdisciplinary seminars that can enable research cooperation across disciplinary boundaries. In the brief existence of DLL the following departmental seminar series of potential interest to all subject areas have been created:

a) Language typology

b) Textual criticism

c) Literature and cultural studies

d) Literature in ancient languages.

These seminars and a research presentation day (“In Search of Profiles”) have been fruitful ways to develop shared aspects of theory and method. When, on the basis of such shared experiences, researchers from different subject areas have discovered common interests, strong interdisciplinary research communities have been created (see 4.3 and 4.4). But the current budgetary support for research is limited; our evaluation of internal strategic measures has also to take into account which research areas have succeeded in acquiring external funding. (See http://www.sprak.gu.se/english/research/research-projects)

Furthermore, Department management have strategically allocated funding with the purpose of increasing external financing; eleven Senior Lecturers and recent Ph.D.’s received such support. The research areas in this context are also quite varied: the teaching of literature, translation/reception, women authors in different periods, literary theory, the language of advertising, textual editing of an Arabic text from the Middle Ages, the construction of masculinity among Japanese youth, contrastive linguistics, popular culture, cultural representation and the analysis of textbooks.

It is natural for a department like ours to include a multitude of research areas. At the same time, we must ensure that the limited number of researchers consistent with our budget can expand its resources through strategic forms of collaboration, rather than being an archipelago of islands without internal connections, no matter how good the given international networks are. In this context, it is vital that the new departments are given greater influence over the hiring of new staff. On the basis of our internal strategies of research funding and existing external financing, we can define our areas of research expertise, where the DLL is capable of producing vital and original research, as follows:

Ancient languages. This is an area with a high level of competence with considerable income from external resources. Present research projects include the history of mentality in literature of the classical period, editorial technique, history of philosophy, medieval epigraphy, rhetoric in Late Antiquity. In the new Department there is a natural connection to research within Arabic, Latin, Classical Greek and Old Church Slavonic. By this means a global perspective is acquired on ancient languages that are the basis of the modern languages and cultures of today. There are full Professors in all of these subjects except Old Church Slavonic, where there is nevertheless a very high level of competence. (Five externally funded projects)

Literary and Cultural Studies. Research on foreign-language literature is a major element of DLL's expertise, with full Professors in English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian (recently retired) and Spanish literatures. In addition, Arabic Studies constitutes an extremely dynamic environment, with great social relevance and great possibilities for future development. Research on reception, translation, literary historiography, literature and memory, literature and power, and transcultural relations are strongly represented as is research on particular authors and periods. (Five externally funded projects)

Linguistics within modern language subjects. There are full Professors (aside from those named above) within modern linguistics only in African languages, English, German, Japanese and Spanish. In addition, dynamic research is carried out within Slavonic languages. Many retirement vacancies during the past few years have not been filled, which is beginning to seriously weaken research in the area. Plans for a Senior Lecturer position and possibly a full Professor in Chinese are underway, but an investment in several language subjects is needed. African linguistics is a newly established area at GU. The focus of research is primarily on Bantu languages and vanishing languages. Sociolinguistics, language policy, lexicography, phonology are here combined with the overriding purpose of describing the languages in question. This holistic perspective on language research ought to provide good synergy effects within DLL. The international network is very strong. A full Professor post has been advertised since the current Professor will soon retire. The prospects for acquiring external financing are very good. (Two externally financed projects, both in African linguistics)

SWOT analysis with regard to the research of the Department

Strength: The major research strength of the Department lies in the international networks within each one of the disciplines. During the last few years, some of the disciplines (African and Classical Languages, English, Spanish) have had good results in acquiring external financing. Research results published by internationally reputable scientific journals or publishers.

Weakness: There are very few researchers in each discipline, and many important areas of research are not represented. The challenge is here to strengthen the research milieus across the languages of the Department, to develop national and/or Scandinavian networks and to develop a long-term strategy for research for the whole Department (including recruitment of research staff).

Opportunities: The major opportunity lies in the prospect of increasing external financing for research, and some of the disciplines have been successful in doing so. The Department will support the preparation of new funding applications next year. The challenge is here to develop collaboration within DLL to reinforce multidisciplinary research on global phenomena.

Threats: The major threat lies in the vulnerability of many languages/disciplines that depend on the special qualities of individual researchers. In most of the disciplines too few Ph.D. students and no post-docs have been recruited in the last few years. There have been many retirements in recent years with no replacements because of the budget deficit. The challenge is here to implement a long-term plan for the recruitment of younger post-doc and research staff.
It is very difficult to get support at the national level, since many good applications are turned down because of the limited funding of research in DLL's subjects.
Although the departmental management is working to release research time, many employees perceive the work situation as very fragmented. For language subjects (modern languages) with heavy teaching, the time spent on teaching and administrations tasks tends to encroach on research time. The commitment of the Department management to provide more research time for Senior Lecturers is an important measure that will hopefully result in externally funded research.

Description of the most successful research areas with a strong national or international impact

DLL’s research has an international character, with cooperative contacts in all of its subject areas throughout the whole world. Since the reorganization, however, we have also sought theoretical and methodological points of departure that can enrich interdisciplinary dialogue within DLL. The knowledge gained by the participants in this dialogue can then suggest new perspectives on the methodology and content of their respective disciplines.Within both philological research and research on languages, literatures and cultural studies it is a question of analyzing intercultural contacts as well as attitudes to the familiar and the foreign. In this way our research contributes to a deeper understanding of modern human beings in relation to other cultures and epochs. Within this broad framework, DLL has outstanding research within the (often strongly interrelated) areas listed below.

1) Philology and the history of language:

a) Editorial Philology with a focus on the history of reception. Editorial philology is a strong branch of classical philology in Gothenburg. The new organisation has led to cooperation projects with other ancient languages (Old Church Slavonic, Arabic) within DLL, and a turn towards the history of reception (New Philology, Literary Science). The traditional aim of editorial philology is to present reliable texts produced through critical methods. In the present cooperation there is also a focus on techniques of translation, different layers of transmission, dynamics of language and literary development, and historical processes. This project conjoins with and enhances the perspective of research on translation techniques in the modern languages. The work is more cross-disciplinary than in other institutions in the Swedish tradition, including fields outside DLL, and has resulted in two Scandinavian networks. One important result of the work is scholarly editions of Boethius’ works, and research on their impact in the history of medieval philosophy.

b) Medieval Studies (including the history of language). The study of medieval texts in various languages is carried out in collaboration with the Committee for Medieval Studies at the Faculty of Arts. It includes a network of research studies (seminars of editions and of ancient texts) and a starting point for new courses on the Master’s as well as the undergraduate level, where it already has a long tradition. It constitutes an interdisciplinary profile area which engages researchers both from our own faculty and others, both nationally and internationally. The Committee for Medieval Studies has representatives from many of the Faculty's departments, three of them from DLL. An initiative from UG has led to a national conference on this subject, held in Uppsala in April 2010.

Medieval Studies at DLL is represented among other things by research in the subject Old Church Slavonic, with two major themes: the history of language and the history of literacy, with a total of seven projects since 2004 (4 international and 3 national), 15 publications (2004-2009), 10 invited guest researchers (Swedish and international) and the organization of three conferences, two international and one national. The support by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (The Tercentenary Fund of the Swedish National Bank) of the national project Digitalized descriptions of Slavonic Cyrillic manuscripts and early prints in Swedish libraries and archives (2010-2012; 5 million SEK, with 4 participating universities led by UG) is the result of a long-term effort within the Medieval Studies profile that is creating possibilities for further development of this research area at DLL. The project is opening up new source material and developing a standard for the description of early Slavonic prints which is innovative also in an international context.

2) Research at DLL within Linguistics

is broad and comprehensive. In the present context we emphasize two areas that we believe should have strong synergy effects across DLL’s (modern) linguistic area:

a) The subject of English within DLL is well known for its extensive experience in compiling parallel and learner corpora of speech and writing (Corpus Linguistics). Some of the achievements are:

- The English-Swedish Parallel Corpus (ESPC). The use of this corpus has provided a link with research in the Swedish Department and has been the basis of several doctoral dissertations.

- The Swedish Component of the International Component of Learner English (SWICLE). This corpus has been used for several doctoral dissertations and for essays on the C- and D-level (here and elsewhere in Sweden) and in a large (international) project.

- The Swedish Component of Louvain International Database of Spoken English (LINDSEI-SW)

This corpus can be used to compare the English speech of advanced Swedish learners with a comparable native speaker target.

Research within this area has resulted in several networks: International (as members of the ICLE and LINDSEI projects we have cooperated closely with Professor Sylviane Granger and others); Scandinavian (the Swedish parallel corpus project has cooperated closely with its Norwegian counterpart; Swedish (the ESPC and SWICLE projects were initiated at Lund University but later moved to Gothenburg, with continued close cooperation between the two projects); and Cooperation with other languages (there is a broad interest in parallel corpora at the Department; e.g., parallel corpora have been built up for Swedish-French, which has led to cooperation between doctoral students in English and Romance languages). The contrastive (cross-institutional) seminar in corpus-linguistic research was created in 1999 and remained active through 2006. The former Department of English hosted a total of five conferences, symposia and workshops devoted to corpus linguistics.

The Future: There is a large potential for Gothenburg to be leading in the area of corpus linguistics; notably, the subject of English has a unique competence in this area. Corpus linguistics is the ground for other research programmes at DLL such as language learning, lexicology, language typology, academic writing, popular culture and language (see further 4.4)

b) The nationally unique and internationally very successful research carried out within African Linguistics (AL) constitutes a special strength within the field of language typology at UG (see further 4.4). Given current international research priorities of AL the research in this area at GU has made substantial contributions such as books, papers, dissertations, and conference presentations (including keynote papers, invited papers, workshop organization). In addition, AL organized the 2nd Bantu Conference Oct. 2007, the biggest that has taken place so far. Successful research is done in following areas:

Socio-linguistics: 1) Study of tendencies of language shift and maintenance with particular reference to Tanzania, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan and Central Africa (CAR). 2) Research on language endangerment and loss is appreciated as reflected in the request of reprinting an endangered language paper (focus on the Tanzanian Vidunda language) by UNESCO Paris (Intangible Heritage Section) and another reprint in India. At the World Congress of African Linguistics (WOCAL 2009, Cologne) the work on Ukhwejo (CAR) was ranked as highly important since the language could not be traced earlier by other experts. First-hand information has been made available with regard to languages such as Mpiemo, Ndengereko, Kwere and Kaguru, all of them highly endangered and not studied so far. Information was sent forward to UNESCO’s Endangered Languages database. 3) Substantial attention is paid to language policy issues and implementation strategies, especially in education (as being instrumental for status matters, language competence and promotion). In preparing Somali courses, valuable information was traced and included in the course programme.

Language documentation - a relatively new approach to language studies that has emerged as a response to the massive and worldwide erosion of small language competence. AL has collected in field work comprehensive oral texts for languages such as Mpiemo (i.a. a text collection Mpiemo/French printed in Cologne), Vidunda (two books, bilingual, i.e. Vidunda/Swahili, both made available to the community, one of them co-financed by UNESCO Dar es Salaam), Kwere (in print). In addition, Scandinavian contributions were traced in cooperation with Finland, Norway and North West Russia.

Language structure studies (linguistics descriptions) - AL has dealt with undescribed languages such as Mpiemo, Ndengeleko, Vidunda, as well as Dinka, Kaguru, Kerewe (where early missionary work did not meet linguistic standards) and Sango. In so doing, AL made first-hand structural information on these languages available, thus facilitating typological studies as well as illustrating the specific features of these languages that are indispensable for a universal language theory. Somali structures were summarized for the Somali programme.

Traditional knowledge preserved in African languages – Riksbankens Jubileumsfund has funded a project on wild plant names and uses (in CAR, Namibia and Tanzania) that was a stimulus for research in other centres such as Brussels/Tervuren. This is also a UNESCO priority, and valuable findings illustrate tendencies of knowledge erosion and maintenance.

Terminology development and studies - in view of on-going formal and informal corpus development, attention was paid to e.g. ICT issues and their reflection in languages like Swahili and Kwangali. For important Namibian languages (i.e. Mbukushu, Kwangali and Lozi), all medium of instruction at school, terminology development work was coordinated and facilitated. Glossaries for school subjects were subsequently compiled and are either printed or in its final stage.

3) Within the fields of Literature and Cultural Studies

we want to highlight in particular a research area that has come to the fore internationally during the last few decades: Cultural Translation and Intercultural Communication. This area provides an opportunity for studying transnational exchanges and transcultural issues from a number of perspectives. One focus is the sense of displacement and homelessness that results from the traversal of physical and metaphorical borders, and which can be discerned in modernist as well as postmodernist literature. Issues of nationalism, post-nationalism, multiculturalism and decolonization are aspects of such displacement. Within DLL three main areas of research should especially be mentioned:

a) Literary translation: one of the unifying fields at SPL which combines research with education (the unique translation programme at UG with a wide range of courses offered in several of the language subjects). Literary translation is an insufficiently researched field internationally. Despite a great body of theory, there are still unexplored issues and an available niche within the Swedish academic landscape, where work on translation mainly has a practical orientation: the training of translators.

b) Cultural movements and European/Global studies based on inter- and transcultural theory is a strong research area closely related to literary translation. One area of research concerns the topic of "Contemporary History and Its Literary Reproduction and Representation” within areas such as boundaries and their transgression, globalization processes, autobiographical writing or literary ethics. The project "The Social and Linguistic Transformations of the Nation: the Linguistic Landscape of Spain in a Time of Increasing Globalization and Regionalization", funded by CERGU (the Centre for Research on Europe at the University of Gothenburg) connects the discussion of the nation's status to the study of those linguistic landscapes that are now emerging in several increasingly multilingual and transcultural European societies, based on data gathered from Catalonia, the Basque Provinces and Galicia. Another example is a topic in Slavic languages, ”Dialogue between East and West, Russia and Europe”. Beyond the European border there is a strong area of research on “The Narrative Configuration of Memories of the Repression”, which investigates different kinds of texts that describe, represent or configure memories of repression during the latest military dictatorships in Argentina and Uruguay. A large part of the corpus consists of testimonial texts, which recreate real documented events in a fictionalized way, with a varying centre of gravity on the scale from fact fiction.

c) The project ”The Ambiguous Pact” has created a network between researchers from different literatures (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish) who share a common interest in texts that cannot easily be defined as either autobiographies or fictions. The group consists of approximately a dozen members from DLL, five researchers from other Swedish universities and two from abroad (France and China). After organizing a series of seminars during 2009 and 2010, the aim of the group is to publish an anthology in 2011. This book, written in Swedish, can be expected to have national impact since it enriches a current literary debate with contributions on theoretical and literary works that are not easily accessible to Swedish researchers.

Description of most promising research areas or research directions in the Department

1) Based on the strength of DLL’s research in corpus linguistics (see 4.3) the following areas have a very strong potential:

a) Language typology. Since the reorganization DLL has a unique research situation concerning language comparison and contrast. Our linguistic research fields include Germanic, Romanic, and Slavic languages as well as African and Asian languages, Latin and Ancient Greek. This is an ideal basis for interdisciplinary comparative research work according to structural and functional features of different languages in different contexts. In spring 2009 we started a linguistic network for establishing a cooperation of interested linguists in this kind of research activity. 2004 and 2005 th Faculty organized conferences on the topic (GUP 88298) and in October 2009 DLL organized the First Workshop on Languages and Language Structures). Since February 2010 we have organized a set of seminars for introducing ongoing research within this field, and we plan research cooperation with linguists of our department on “Representing time in different languages”.

Even if the programme was launched as an initiative to bring together research within all language areas of DLL, it has very good prospects for success. It is based on solid knowledge and research that holds to a high international standard, within those language areas which use parallel corpora as data source in contrastive studies. Important research is carried out within Slavic languages, German, English, Spanish and French. In addition to publications, this research is concretely implemented through the lexicographical field, where DLL’s staff have been engaged in large bilingual lexicological projects—Swedish/Russian [GUP 34258; reviewed GUP 34258], Swedish/Slovenian and Swedish/Spanish—in collaboration with Norstedts Publishers, among others.

b) Academic writing is the field of research concerned with how language is used in specific discourse communities. It encompasses various areas such as genre and discourse analysis, focusing on the types of discourse and rhetorical and linguistic features prevalent in specific discourse communities. Academic writing also involves the investigation of how writers construct and disseminate their knowledge in various forums such as the research article, the dissertation, conference proceedings, medical reports and similar academic contexts.

Since the late 1980s, academic writing had a strong foothold in the former English department, and it continues to be a strong area within the new department. Academic writing courses at the undergraduate, doctoral and staff levels at the University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology resulted in Academic Writing: A University Writing Course by Lennart Björk and Christine Räisänen in 1996. These courses are still offered at the University and are continuously developed using recent research and pedagogical methodologies. Domain-specific courses are run for the ‘hard’ sciences and the ‘soft’ sciences respectively. An important forum for ESP in Sweden is The English for Specific Purposes Symposium, an annual event that involves researchers from Sweden’s major universities and university colleges. The former English Department hosted this symposium in January 2009.

Research conducted at the Department has resulted in a number of theses on the topic of academic writing, notably, several theses based on advanced learners’ argumentative texts, using the Swedish Component of the International Corpus of Learner English (SWICLE). Beyond the importance of academic writing pedagogy, English as an increasingly important scholarly lingua franca has a special role in socializing students as they learn the typical genre-related features within their specific academic subjects. There is consequently a need for more research in this dynamic field. Academic writing courses provide a wealth of research material in various areas. Two monographs by English linguistics staff are forthcoming.

c) Popular culture. Research is done on English with the intention of mapping out how and why the use of English in Popular Culture affects group belonging and identity, how English (via Popular Culture) affects other languages, and how Popular Culture in turn shapes English; in Spanish, by studying code-switching between Spanish and English in popular music (GUP 65049); and in German, on popular literature.

2) Other cutting-edge topics are

a) Literary didactics within modern languages. Approaching a foreign culture through literature is not only a way of improving one's language proficiency but also a considerably efficient way to understand the power of fiction to create worlds and cultural images (one's own and others') and thereby its power to question stereotypes that focus on (superficial) cultural differences. Based on the premise that reading constitutes a social and cultural practice, research on the role of literature in modern language pedagogy is of crucial importance within DLL. (GUP 100046)

b) “Literary Histories” is another research area that would render existing literary research visible at the new department while also creating opportunities for new collaboration and exchange. It is intended to serve as a framework for three interrelated research areas: (i) the historical interpretation of literature; (ii) the study of literary history (i.e. the history of the literary tradition); and (iii) literature itself conceived as a form of history-telling (on the historiographic as well as the individual level). Since this platform is also compatible with two of the University’s profile areas—globalisation and cultural heritage—it might also create opportunities for exchange with other departments and faculties.

c) The impact of globalization on the languages is studied and taught at DLL. All the languages at DLL could address this issue from a language specific perspective.

d) Language technology is another aspect that deserves attention for documentation, rational language description, lexical studies, frequency lists (semantic and grammatical).

e) There should be the possibility to pay adequate attention to trends that pertain to individual languages such as, for African Languages, endangered language studies.

Description of departmental strategy for societal influence and interaction

Research at DLL covers languages and cultures throughout the world, and DLL has a major responsibility for the dissemination of knowledge about foreign cultures to the general public. Some researchers are especially well-known in this field, such as Prof. Magnus Ljunggren, who has published around 170 articles on Russian culture in the Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet. Ljunggren’s forthcoming book in Swedish about Poetry and Psychiatry: Essays on Russian Culture from the Turn of the 18th and 19th Century is a good example of his important work. The researchers of DLL often hold popular lectures, write popular science articles, participate in current debates in the media and disseminate important research results, reminding the general public that subjects like Ancient Greek or Old Church Slavonic still exist as subjects that can be studied at UG. Researchers also participate in public events like the Gothenburg Book Fair; at the 25th Fair, members of the Department were especially invited to debate the subject "Spain in Focus" with historians and writers from Spain and Latin America.

That the interaction of researchers at DLL is not only local and national but also international is well illustrated by the support and expansion of existing networks between African languages and UNESCO and by community oriented publications (Somali in Sweden, languages in Namibia, Senegal and Tanzania) or by the impact of the Nobel Price in italian society (GUP 89876).

Other achievements of innovative significance (introduction of new fields etc.)

• Highly innovative interdisciplinary work has been done from 2002 and onwards on the works of Shakespeare from a biocultural perspective; that is, an approach to literary interpretation that fuses bio-evolutionary and cultural/historical explanation (see GUP 50502 especially, but also GUP 34053, GUP 34061, GUP 34051). While Swedish literary researchers have generally been very slow in responding to this new development, Gothenburg can rightly be said to have been at the international forefront of a theoretical movement that is now becoming a major force to be reckoned with. Over the last few years, practically all the major University presses publishing work in English literature—such as Cambridge, Oxford, Johns Hopkins, Columbia, Harvard, Northwestern, Macmillan, Routledge, to name only a few—have either published, or announced the imminent publication of, similar titles. This is, in other words, a research area in which DLL has both played a formative role in the recent past and can be expected to produce fruitful research in the near future.

Other areas of research which must be highlighted as innovative and as likely to have an impact on our research in the future are:

• Within translation studies, the recently published book in Swedish about translations into Swedish of Dante’s Divina Commedia [GUP 76051] and, within contrastive linguistics, the recently written introduction to the field [GUP 60406].

• Research on specific writers with a very high international impact, (among others contemporary writers from romance languages like Margarethe Duras [GUP 44363, GUP 71903], Juan Benet [GUP 34636], Andrej Belyj [GUP 94899], Russian emigrant literature focusing on Vladimir Nabokov, Russian peasant poets focusing on Nikolai Kljujev), literature written by women in Arabic, English, French, Italian, and Russian literature as well as within genre studies, such as studies on the Fantastic genre in English, French, Japanese and Spanish American literatures, and studies on classical writers (Hermogenes, Libanius, Metochites, the Aristotelian tradition, literary concepts of morality in Caesar and Sallust).

Contact Information

Gunhild Vidén, Associate Head of department for Research and Doctoral studies

Box 200, 405 30 Göteborg

Visiting Address:
Lundgrensgatan 7

031-786 4690

Page Manager: Annika Andersson|Last update: 10/14/2010

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